Five Drills to Improve Your Overhead Squat Fast! - The Barbell Physio
 

Five Drills to Improve Your Overhead Squat Fast!

Five Drills to Improve Your Overhead Squat Fast!

The overhead squat provides a significant challenge to many athletes as the combination of lower body power, core stability, and overhead strength can humble many respectable athletes. If you practice the Olympic lifts or CrossFit then this is a skill set you must master for optimal performance. Before we dive into some of my favorite drills to improve the overhead squat, let’s look at the biomechanics of the overhead squat to set the foundation for what we need to properly execute the movement.

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Biomechanics of the Overhead Squat

The most important technique note with the overhead squat that we need to discuss is torso position. To best position the athlete to overhead squat a significant amount of weight and/or volume we want a more upright torso with the overhead squat than we’d typically see in other squat variations (see picture below to compare overhead to back squats).

There are two main reasons a vertical torso is advantageous in an overhead squat. First, this position will improve overall trunk stability (specific to this lift). Second, a more upright torso will keep the shoulder from having to go into an extreme hyper-abduction to keep the barbell over the middle of the foot. When an athlete can’t keep a more upright torso and have to go into this extreme position, extra stress is applied to the soft tissues of the anterior shoulder. Quite commonly over time this CAN result in shoulder injuries (see example below of a CrossFitter I treated for anterior shoulder pain).

To obtain this more vertical torso position, the athlete needs more ankle mobility than with most other squat variations (and slightly less hip flexion mobility). The above athlete had a significant ankle mobility restriction that lead to his poor positioning.

 

Note: if mobility is what is limiting your overhead squat performance I suggest checking out our OVERHEAD SQUAT OVERHAUL, ANKLE MOBILITY OVERHAUL, or our THORACIC MOBILITY OVERHAUL PROGRAMS.

IMPROVE YOUR OVERHEAD SQUAT

Band Squat and Press

Some athletes who have good ankle mobility will still move like the above poor overhead squat example where they don’t fully utilize their available ankle range of motion and end up overhead squatting with a very forward torso angle. For these athletes, I use the Band Squat and Press to improve the overhead squat.

I instruct them to place enough tension on the band so that it is pulling them forward into more dorsiflexion. This pull will assist them in sitting in the bottom of the squat. From there, I have the athlete press lightweights overhead to get more comfortable in this position.

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Here's a great drill for working on knees forward upright torso squat you need for Olympic Weightlifting (see my last post for why this is important). Had a CrossFit athlete with shoulder pain with #snatch and #overheadsquat because he had too much torso inclination resulting in an extreme shoulder position. This drill got him to use his dorsiflexion and better position himself for snatches and overhead squats. The band pulls him forward but he kept his heels down. Then throw in the overhead press to challenge position a bit more. My new Oly product launch week sale ends tomorrow. Pick your up now! —————————————————– TheBarbellPhysio.com Improving the worlds of athletic performance, injury prevention, and rehabilitation. Rehab services @carolinasportsclinic #CrossFit #mobility #fitness #olympiclifting #olympicweightlifting #weightlifting #functionalmovement #charlottefitness #thebarbellphysio #BulletProofMobility #heavysquatsfixeverything #masterthesquat #physicaltherapy #physiotherapy #ClinicalAthlete #cltcrossfit @clinicalathlete

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Hanging Band Technique (HBT) Push Press

When weights get heavy many athletes push press the weight up and spend too long trying to stabilize the weight overhead. Then as they squat, their shoulders and core have spent too much time straining already and they fail the lift simply because they got fatigued rather than because the athlete lacked the strength to complete the lift. Being able to rapidly stabilize a heavy load will greatly increase your chances of a successful overhead squat.

One great exercise for this is HBT Overhead Squats. You can do this with a barbell and weights hanging from bands, but I prefer to use my Yoak as the like weight combined with heavier swinging weights makes the stabilization aspect a bit tougher for me.

 

9090 Overhead Reach

A lot of athletes have a difficult time maintaining a neutral spine position during overhead squats. They’ll over arch their lumbar spine, flaring their rib cage up due to mobility restrictions in their thoracic spine or shoulders, or at times just due to poor motor control.

9090 Overhead Reaches are my go-to drill to work on improving all of the above. With the knees and hips in this 9090 position, we are similar to the bottom of a squat. We then have the ground providing feedback for the athletes to maintain spinal positioning. Next, the athlete raises his or her arms overhead without arching the back or letting the rib cage flare.

 

Hanging Band Technique (HBT) Overhead Squats

I like HBT work for many exercises because they absolutely punish an athlete when they move out of position, making them a great exercise to rapidly force an athlete to dial in technique with an exercise as complex as an overhead squat.

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@dr.joelseedman_ahp really got me into hanging band technique work. While they do help with stability, most often I use them to dial in technique. With HBT, the dynamic movement of the weights PUNISHES you if you move out of position. —————————————————– Tag a friend who needs some #overheadsquat help! —————————————————– Coming out Monday…five drills to improve your overhead squat! #CrossFit #mobility #fitness #weightlifting #functionalmovement #charlottefitness #thebarbellphysio #BulletProofMobility #heavysquatsfixeverything #masterthesquat #physicaltherapy #physiotherapy #ClinicalAthlete #cltcrossfit

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Goblet Squat and Press

The goblet squat and press is a great exercise to improve the overhead squat in athletes with difficulty keeping an extended thoracic spine, or those needing increased upper back strength. Drop into the bottom of a squat holding a light weight. Press the weight overhead and drive arms up hard to extend the thoracic spine as much as possible.

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GOBLET SQUAT & PRESS. Crazy good exercise to work on thoracic spine strength & mobility. Perform a goblet squat with a moderate weight and then press upwards. The shoulder flexion movement will drive the thoracic spine into extension. Thanks @quinn.henochdpt for sharing this one. Want help improving your overhead mobility? Click the link in my bio to get your free four week overhead mobility program. —————————————————– TheBarbellPhysio.com Improving the worlds of athletic performance, injury prevention, and rehabilitation. Rehab services @carolinasportsclinic #CrossFit #mobility #fitness #weightlifting #functionalmovement #charlottefitness #thebarbellphysio #BulletProofMobility #heavysquatsfixeverything #masterthesquat #physicaltherapy #physiotherapy #ClinicalAthlete #cltcrossfit

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ankle mobility overhaul

If your mobility needs some serious help to perform a better overhead squat then I suggest checking out the following mobility programs, which you can buy separately or get as part of a membership to Performance Plus Programming!

OVERHEAD SQUAT MOBILITY OVERHAUL

ANKLE MOBILITY OVERHAUL

THORACIC MOBILITY OVERHAUL